I GENEALOGY COLLECTION Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2013 http://archive.org/details/yearbookofoldset34olds Old Settlers — — i ...u_...: r iji • — ' 1524712 PROCEEDINGS OF THE OLD SETTLERS OF JOHNSON COUNTY, lA. AT THEIR ANNUAL REUNION AUGUST 21, 1900 THE PICNIC. At nine o'clock this morning the crowd began to gather around the log cabins, and soon four hundred people were on the ground. The forenoon session was taken up with handshaking and visiting and talking over old times. Many were the tales told of early years by those present and while very interesting, yet are only incidents of the everyday life of those worthy pioneers, and while well worth pub- lication, yet there is not enough space to do them full justice and they will have to remain a part of unwritten history. Among those present at the morning session were the following. The names of the pioneers are given in the list and the figures following their names denote the year in which they came to Johnson county. Others came later in the day, and owing to the program in progress did not register until after the hour of going to press. Among those present up to one o'clock were : W. J. Bowen, '43 Robert Taylor, '69 Mrs. Robert Taylor, '48 John Summerhays, '59 Dr. J. P. Vonstein, '77 F. A. Stratton, '57 J. P. Vonstein, '50 Joseph Hradek, '64 Thos. Greg-ory, '74 John Fisher, '78 J. Norwood Clark, '53 R. A. McChesney, '54 Col. W. lyucas, '39 John J. Roessler, '40 Capt. Benj. Owen, '57 Strader De Vault, '39 Mrs. W. I. Huff, '53 John Sheets, '56 Nicholas Sheets, '56 W. J. Huff, '58 Mrs. Mary Hartsock, '56 Mrs. Mary Weber, '56 A. P. Hemming-way, '54 Garrett I^ancaster, '38 Frank Stackman, '76 Georg-e Anderson, '52 J. Tantlinger, '43 LfOuisa Warren Tant- ling-er, '42 J. Z. Stover, 38 F. W. Hemstead, '44 Mrs. F. W. Hemstead, ,63 O. Andrews, '54 J. M. Huffman, '46 Joseph Andrews, '60 Bryan Dennis, '39 John Tranter, '55 Justus Aug-ustine, '55 F. Rate, '40 Mrs. F. Rate, '45 Mrs. W. Kirkpatrick, '39 Mrs. Mary Douglass, '41 Wm. Sweet, '38 Caleb Sweet, '38 S. Kessler, ' — ■ George Magruder, '45 J. W. Packard, '58 C. C. Curtis, '56 G. R. Irish, '40 J. H. Cray, '56 H. E). Edwards, '63 Henry Schultz, '63 Sam Fry, '40 John Stevens, '43 Z. M. Grissel, '60 Henry Walker, '37 Mrs. Henry Walker, '38 Mrs. C. K. Clifford, '46 Andrew Fountain, '46 Mrs. Isabell Shellady, '41 — 4 — S. H. Fairall, '55 G. R. Hall, '55 Mrs. Ruth Mag-ruder, '3i Mrs. Nancy Babbitt, '53 Mrs. Maria Snider, '41 Mrs. Marg-aret Orr, '71 John Summerhays, sr., ' E. Summerhays, '60 Mrs. Stella Morford, '69 Jacob Ricker, '56 Mrs. KHz. McCrory, '40 Mrs. J. W. Fackler, '48 J. W. Fackler, '56 M. F. Butler, '39 Mrs. M. F. Butler, '39 W. Jackson, '54 Mrs. W. Jackson, '55 Mrs. Sarah KHyson, '52 Wm. Kmmons, '52 Jacob Weaver, '47 G. W. Saunders, '57 President S. H. Fairall called the assembly together and intro duced Rev. Father A. J. Schulte, who pronounced the invocation. Then came the annual election of officers and some choice music the old people joining in the dear old melody, ''Auld Lang Syne." The officers elected for the ensuing year are: President — David Dixon, Vice President — Capt. Philip Shaver. Secretary — G. R. Irish. Recording Secretary — R. P. Howell. Treasurer — Henry Wieneke. Then came the Necrological report, and a number of letters wer read from former old settlers of Johnson County who expressed thei regrets on not being able to attend this thirty-fourth annual picnic. the year's death roll. Mrs. Sarah Cropley,'58 K. H. Hasting-s, '65 8 J. K. Strawbridg-e, '42 D. M. Dixon, '54 J. Iv. Doug-lass, '54 P. K. Shaver, '44 •55 Mrs. J. T. Struble, '39 Kmory Westcott, '56 J. T. Struble, '52 W. D. Cannon, '40 Georg-e Hunter, '50 J. T. Robinson, '40 J. R. Heath, '55 Mrs. S. B. Bowen, '39 Lorimer Doug-lass, '52 B. W. Reynolds, '45 J. W. Morford, '52 G. A. Shellady, '50 S. Hill, '38 M. T. Trotter, '44 A. B. Teneyck, '43 THE AFTERNOON A. Albright, '49 Mrs. A. Albright, '53 J. F. I/acy, '55 Ed. Greer, '59 J. W. Siemens, '64 John A. Goetz, '56 Mrs. J. A. Goetz, '55 J. S. Wilson, '51 K. W. Hart, '47 Mrs. Richard Zimmer- man, '40 Mrs. Henry Walker, '38 Henry Walker, '37 James Walker, '37 Wm. Kessler, '51 J. M. Seydell, '46 William Cochran, '43 John J. Brady, 49 Mrs. M. G. Kirkpatrick,'3! Charles Gaymon, '41 As reported, the following members of the Association hav passed to the great beyond during the last year. Eben Adams Mrs. John Akett Cyprain Aicher Mrs. C. Agnew MrH. Simeon Barnes Mrs. Joel Bartlett €. J. Baylor Mahala B. h. Bowen Mrs. Elizabeth Baker Mrs. M. L. Curtis Michael Doyle M. Douglass Elias B. Howell Mrs. Elias B. Howell Mrs. Mary Jayne Joseph Kaulfman Samuel F. Eefevre Mrs. M. E. Eininger Mrs. J. J. Eorack D. M. Eangdon Mrs. Jane Love Wm. A. Morrison Mrs. E. C. Murphy James McElwain Mrs. Susannah Reynolds Mrs. Hannah Borland Smith Mrs. David Simpson Conrad Seelman Mrs. W. F. Smith Mrs. Ann Sullivan Mrs. Martin Smith Mrs. Kate Schaedler Henry Strohm Walter Stebbins Ida R. Sanders — 5 — Mrs. Anna Davis W. J. Kmmons Mrs. Kaly E. J. Fracker Jacob Graber Mrs. M. Grimm Mary B. Griswold George Goodrich Jacob Horne George Hartsock Wm. Hunt Mrs. Kd. Murphy J. D. Musser Mrs. Henry Nicking Frederick Ohl Mrs. R. Ogden Robert O'Brien George Paul, Jr. G. M. Ryerson Charles G. Reiff Edward Redhead Ellsworth Roup I<ewis S. Swafford Mrs. M. F. True Julia S. Swafford John Trump John Turner Mrs. Conrad Tippenhauer Mrs. Peter VonStein John Waldron Mrs. Mary Waldron David Wilson Samuel Weldy Short and interesting remarks were made by Judge Fairall, Euclid Sanders, David Dixon and others. Miss Cora Colony gave a declamation, and a song by Mr. Griswold, followed by reading the correspondence, closed the literary proceedings of the day. Washington, D. C, August 20, 1900. Matthew Cavanagh, Iowa City, Iowa, I made efforts to be in attendance at old settlers picnic, but busi- ness prevents. Wish you all a pleasant time, long years and pros- perity. Martha Woods, my mother, joins me. Richard Sylvester. Seattle, Wash., July 24, 1900. G. R. Irish, M. Cavanagh, John Springer, Committee. Iowa City, Iowa. Gentlemen: — It was with genuine pleasure I received your communication of [uly 20, inviting the writer and family to the Annual Reunion of Old Settlers of Johnson county. Your names look as familiar to me as of old, although eleven jrears have elapsed since I left Johnson county. My mind often times goes back to the old stamping ground, and I wonder how all my old friends and acquaintances are making it. The world, with the exception of two or three years following the panic, has treated me kindly since leaving Iowa. While I left a ^ood county and an equally good state, I have nev^er regretted making a change in my home. Here we have no hot nor cold spells, and business is all that could be desired. Were it not for the complexion of the committee, I should close A^ith a hope that the good old state of Iowa and the county of Johnson >vould roll up a rousing majority in favor of "Sound Money" and 'Expansion." — 6 — Sincerely regretting that the distance precludes the possibility of my being with you, I close with the wish that your reunion this year may be as enjoyable and successful as those in times past. Very respectfully yours, R. R. Spencer. Santa Ana, Cal., August 2, 1900. O. S. A. OF Johnson County. Dear Friends: — When I read to my wife the kind invitation of your committee to attend your annual gathering, I exclaimed ''Lets go!" I assure you that it would afford us great pleasure to meet and greet the many old friends of your association. The memories of past years of child- hood, boyhood and manhood, can never be exceeded or obliterated by the after events of life. While we dearly love our California home we often visit in dreams and pleasant recollections the friends and scenes in Johnson county. We hope in the near future to look into your faces and review with you memories of the past. Meanwhile rest assured that while it is not possible for us to be present with you this month, in the body, we will be present in thought and send you friendly greeting. Carey R. Smith. Katharine R. Smith. Stuttgart, Ark., August 18, 1900. Hons. M. Cavanagh, G. R. Irish and John Springer, Com. of Invitation, Johnson Co., Iowa, Old Settlers Association. Iowa City, Iowa. Gentlemen and Old Friends: — When I received your kind invitation recently to attend the Reunion of the Old Settlers of Johnson County, August 21, 1900, it stirred within me a flood of memories not easily disposed of. For I remember as though it were but yesterday how we drove into Iowa City the 9th day of November 1852, and how we quartered upon our old friend, the late Horace Mayward, who lived at the time up stairs in the frame building which is now standing upon the northeast corner of Clinton and Burlington streets, but then stood across the alley north of the old Pinney House, and how we threshed the old towJ — 7 — over to find a place to keep us warm and dry during the winter just "setting in" (for it snowed at least eight or ten inches the next day after we landed) and failing in our attempt to find a place, we drove our team and covered wagon to the north part of the county, there finding old friends who had preceded us from Ohio to Iowa, where we wintered in small quarters but comfortably, upon the farm now belonging to one of the Fuhrmeisters, about two miles west of Solon on the Cedar Rapids road. The following spring we moved into Scott township, my father having purchased the land now occupied by Frank Lord. Surrounded by the open prairie we builded a home and shared the joys and hardships incident to the settler of that day. Our first sod was broken in 1853 by John Dupont, with six yoke of oxen hitched to an enormous plow, and so well do I recall the event that I can as I write, hear the voice of the drivei as he sang out in tones more earnest than musical the name of each faithfully but some- what reluctant ox, the very names still cling to my memory as he sang them over and over again and I shall not forget them to my dying day, and were I with you August 21, I believe I would be tempted to recall to you the names of these faithful bovines as they lazily blacked the green prairie and aided in no small way the old settler to solve the problem staring him in the face; poor faithful Buck and Bright we never shall see your like again. Along somewhere about this time a mysterious row of stakes were found driven about midway between the upper and lower Muscatine roads, pointing in it was said from some place on the Mississippi river toward Iowa City, and soon the knowing ones announced that we were to have a railroad, and within a few months they began to break ground all along the line, for the M. & M. railway was to be built. No doubt many of you remember the old M. & M. bonds. Railway building in those days was a very tedious business as compared with the present time, the contractors depended largely upon the teams of the farmers living along the line to do the work of grading. My father was persuaded by one of the contractors to let me take the team and work upon the grade, and he assured my father that he should have his pay for such services when one Carmichael came over the line, which was all satisfactory. Car- michael never came and there is still due and unpaid for work done by me and a pair of horses the sum of $13.25, but the debt was for- given many years ago. The road changed hands many years ago and is one of the great thoroughfares across the continent, and the beautiful commodious depot at the foot of Clinton street is quite in contrast with the old box car that was used as the depot building wherein was transacted all the freight and passenger business when the M. & M. road first entered Iowa City. I leave for our old friend, Peter A. Dey, the veteran railroad builder what more is to be said of the first railway to Iowa City. If I were with you at your reunion I am sure you would with one concert aver that I had visited you with an unimpaired appetite as well as memory, while many are the incidents we would recall, many faces we would recognize tho' changed with passing years, surely a a feast of memories and an overflow of good will, a renewal of friend- ships with the hand clasps of old. Those of you whom I met upon my recent visit, to my surprise had changed but little, but each one bore the evidence that he or she was well on his or her journey to that home that must sooner or later claim all of us old settlers, and a sadness comes over us all no doubt as we remember the many who having wrought faithfully have gone to their reward; God bless them all, no new state was ever peopled with such as they, an incomparable honesty and integrity was theirs, a generosity that never allowed a sufferer uncomforted in their midst. Since moving from your midst twenty years ago, wherever I have traveled, all places and people are at once put in comparison with Johnson county and her people, par- ticularly the old settlers, and I can most truthfully say that for wealth; of nature's resources old Johnson county tops the list, every acre an inexhaustable mine not depleted a farthing in the last fifty years. Her population the peers of any on earth. I wish I could be with you in the meeting of 1900, but must content myself as I recount alone the many incidents of an old settler of Johnson county. And tho' I am with mine for perhaps the balance of my life to b a resident of this, one of the most beautiful and fruitful places on earth, I shall cherish as almost sacred the memories of Johnson county anc her old settlers. Yours most truly, G. W. Hand. — 9 — Orchard Home, Oregon. (That's my place.) . Albany, Ore., August 6, 1900. M. Cavanagh, Secretary O. S. A. Iowa City, Iowa. Dear sir: — I am in receipt of yours of the 23rd ult, inviting me to attend the annual picnic of the Old Settlers of Johnson county. I assure you that it would afford me much pleasure to be there and mingle with old time friends, reviving memories that have lain dormant for many, many years. I regret however to inform you that the great distance and business engagements preclude my attendance in person, but in spirit will be with you, and with the miner eye shall hope to see much good cheer prevail, and the hilarity of that festive occasion will doubt- less be enjoyed by all. I certainly have a just pride in being recognized as one of the pioneers of old Johnson — for there it was that from a stripling boy I emerged into manhood. There more than any other place I claim as my native land, there the incidents and accidents, the aspirations and ambitions of early life stamped their impress upon the memory, there the first money I ever made and saved was paid me by Henry Felkner for splitting rails, like the illustrious Lincoln. That is why I would like to be with you, and again shake the trembling band of old friends and look again upon the old land marks of the long ago. I want to compliment you people for the energy and effort shown in the maintainence of your organization for so many years. If I remember correctly I joined about the year i860, and here allow me to suggest, that would it be well to publish in your circular the date of organization and other interesting data of its doings from time to time, all of which would be of interest to new members and refresh- ing to old ones. I heartily approve of such associations, and while living at Hastings, Neb., the many Iowa people there formed the society called the "lowans" of which the writer was its president, and now here in this sun-set country the Nebraska people are talking of organizing. But old Iowa City the primitive home has many dear memories, and had I staid there I might have become quite a person- age by this time like the rest of you. But acting upon Horace I Greeley's advice I went west. When I sold the old farm in Graham — 10 — township to Bob Denton, I used $800 (it being all the cash I received, and that was "wild cat" money, that was worthless a week after I paid it out,) and bought a half section of land in Poweshiek county. This land I improved in good shape setting one thousand apple trees that I bought of J. J. Mendinhall, and in twelve years sold it for $13,000,00. Again being loose we shipped bag and baggage to the great "American Desert" called Nebraska, and here I must relate a little incident that proved to be a joke on me (as usual,) which is too good to be kept. We shipped our goods, the boys drove through with the team, while wife, daughter and self went on the train. We had ridden all night and in the morning felt considerably like having a. good warm breakfast. I had plenty of money and felt to be about the size of a man named "Goliah," so we three promenaded through an empty sleeper that was provided with a large mirror at each end of the long aisle. We casually noticed a party of several persons coming toward us and as we neared them I saw that a coUision was imminent so I stepped to one side to allow them to pass, and the gentlemen approach- ing stepped to the same side, then I stepped back to the other side, and he did the same, again I dodged back and really he dodged just; as I did. Well I exclaimed do go by sometime and not dodge here all day for I am hungry, when lo, to my surprise I had been dodging with myself all the time. The women were frantic with laughter, while I felt lots smaller than I did, and after that they called me the "Dodger." Well we got to Hastings (a stake town) and there being no hotel had to go into the country three miles to stay over night. But the town began to grow, I established the first newspaper in thetown^ but soon found out that I did not know enough to run a paper. I engaged extensively in the stock business. Later I established a large manufactor}^ and made what was called the "Lewis Header" for about eight years at which time my health failed and we sold out. This enterprise however was a success and I enjoyed it highly, and had I engaged in such a business early in life I would have been close to the band wagon today. Desiring to retire from active life and live in a genial climate I came to this coast. Now friends, please pardon me and not consider me an egotist, I merely mention these things that you "old timers" who knew me there may see how fate has shoved me around upon the great chess board of life as it does us all. — II — We say we can do as we please, but we are willing to obey the mandate of fate nevertheless. Now permit me to change the current of thought a little. I want to ask if you have any old bachelors in your association? If you have please extend them my sympathy, for through the force of circumstances I have had a little experience in that line this summer myself and hence know whereof I speak. To start wtih I want to say that any man who would persist in baching 20 minutes by the watch ought to be sent to the penitentiary during good behavior. Yet the bachelor has some illustrious predecessors. For instance there was Mose Adams, who to my personal knowledge bached all alone. I staid over night with Mose and he used an old broken saucer for a lamp, with a wick torn from his underwear, the same being dipped in fried meat grease and lit with a spark from his old flint lock youger, and that lamp gave such a brilliant light that we could hardly tell one card from the other. And there were others there who are quietly baching — Henry Felkner, E. K. Morse, Jas. Buchanan and others too numerous to mention. I might go back to ancient times and name Adam, the father of all bachelors. He lived alone for some time and done his own house work until the Lord took pity on him and made for him a wife by extracting a rib from his anatomy while fast asleep. Now I will venture the assertion, that there ain't a bachelor within the sound of my voice but what would be willing to give a whole spare rib if the Lord would make for therrt a wife, yet it must be admitted that there are some things about baching that are good, for instance he is not troubled with squalling kids or hungry tramps, and he sees some splendid times for instance, when asleep and dreaming of his best girl. But I must stop this digression from the main subject, (the -paramount t'sstie) or I will weary you. What rambling remarks I have hurriedly written will show you that I am still on top, and I may add in the very best of health. If all goes well another year I will try to be with you. Hoping you may have a good time the 21st and enjoy it in full measure, I am Very truly yours, Miles K. Lev^is. P. S. Kindly mail me a circular when you have them printed. M. K. — 12 — Messrs. Irish, Cavanagh and Springer, Committee. Gentlemen: Acknowledging receipt of your invitation to attend the annual meeting of the Old Settlers' Association of Johnson County, I am compelled to regret my inability to respond in person. The pleasure of meeting you all on this occasion for the renewal of old friendships and the reviving of old memories, being denied and deferred, I may be indulged in offering some of the reflections and reminiscences that are quickened by your letter. The modern population of Iowa can scarcely realize the hardy and heroic conditions of frontier life as they were known and shared by the pioneers. Our first settlers were a self-centered people, greatly independent and resourceful. Moving out upon the extreme edge of public jurisdiction, they had to do for themselves in the maintenance of order, the application to personal and property rights of the natural principles of law and equity, and in morals and ethics, all that now seems to be done through the established institutions of the civil and social state. Upon the foundations they laid those insti- tutions have been built, and the dense population that is secure in their enjoyment may, in that security, measure the merit of the brave and devoted founders of the Commonwealth. In that far time the means of communication and transportation were primitive and slow. The telegraph and fast mail were un- known. Daily papers from far Eastern cities were seldom seen, and when they came brought rather aged news of the doings of the great world. Thrown back upon ourselves, under these conditions there grew up a neighborly sociability that was in effect a school of the highest value to the younger members of the pioneer families. The settle- ments were far apart. Public houses were rare, and when the front- iersman made a journey he relied upon private hospitality and was always a welcome guest. He brought the news of his neighborhood, of the newly arrived settlers and the information they imported from their old homes in the East. He told of the building of new cabins, the breaking of new prairie fields for tillage, the condition of the crops, the discoveries made as to the capacities of the soil, the success of the noble frontier housekeepers in the domestic arts, the means taken to school the children, and in return received a store of like knowledge from his host and hostess. Some personalities are with me indelible. To my father's log — 13 — house came in that way, Judge Cavanagh, Robert Gower, the Burges', Egbert T. Schenck, and dear old Andrew Safley, who always brought his flute and his repertoire of Scotch songs. I can see him yet, the doppleganger of Kit. North, and hear the inspiring notes of his flute. So also came Andy D. Stephen and Harvey HoUen, and from farther away Dubuque, Richard Bronson, and from all the set- tlements the men who with courage and energy were solving the problems of life in. a new country, where the trails made by moccas- ined Indians still seamed the prairie in all directions. I doubt whether a more intelligent body of people ever settled any frontier. "When the exchange of local news was finished, the talk would drift into public questions, into expositions of the Constitution, recollec- tions of historical reading, and speculations upon the result of great events, then in action on the European stage. This brought out scholarship, reading and information, and I must confess my indebt- edness to those frontier philosophers for much learned by listening that has been amongst my most valued equipment. In public matters a simple plan was followed by our early states- men. After the close of a session of Congress, it was the habit of General Dodge, when he was our territorial delegate and after he be- came a senator, to visit all the towns and settlements, gather the peo- ple and give them a history of the proceedings of Congress. It was non-partizan, included all the great measures that were the material of national politics, and especially everything that related to Iowa and the new institutions and interests of her people. After this tour the people had a clearer idea of national legislation, why this measure succeeded and that failed, than your two millions of people get now from reading their daily papers. In these homely and simple ways minds were kept active, neigh- borly kindnesses was maintained, hospitality was cultivated and all of the virtues of contented life were nourished. So it is that in my exile I turn with growing fondness to that distant time, the figures of the pioneers stand out with increasing clearness, and their memory is cherished with growing reverence. Your annual meetings are preservative of a history that none of the modern population can exactly reproduce, and I promise myself the great pleasure of sometime being with you, even though I meet only the sons and daughters of the first settlers. Very truly, Oakland, California. Jno. P. Irish. — 14 — Aledo, Illinois, August 15, 1900. To THE Committee of Johnson County's Old Settlers Re- union, Iowa City, Iowa. Gentlemen: Your kind invitation to attend the Johnson County Old Settlers Reunion is at hand, and at this late day I hasten to reply, having waited thus long thinking I could arrange my affairs so as to be present with you at that time, but find that I will have to send my thanks for your courtesy, and my regrets instead. I find that my engagements are such that it will be impossible for me to leave home at present. But I desire to be remembered by the old settlers on this their annual gathering for exchanging thoughts of the ; past, and feast day, and the committee has asked me to send my sen- > timents if unable to be present, I willingly respond. ; First, I send greetings to the dear old fathers and mothers of Johnson County, many of whom are personally known to me from childhood to womanhood, and as I glance backward the reminiscenses of the past are full of enjoyment connected in a large measure with many of these fathers and mothers of this county. And as I have met with you from time to time in the past and felt the warm tender; clasp of the hand and heard the cheerful words of welcome, and lis-: tened to the experiences of long ago, my heart grows warmer and li am thrilled with pleasure to be accounted one of the old settlers of Johnson county. I hold in grateful remembrance those pioneers who fought with the dangers and hardships attending the establishing of homes in the new country, and that through these very hardships and deprivations civilization has reached its present status, not only has it reached its present standing, but is and will be continually reaching for new fields. The progress which is ours today, has; gone backward as well as come forward. We know our prosperity reaches back to the time when the Pilgrim fathers began the set- tlements in this country, and as the steady trend of the settlements was to the westward it was the energy and determination of these same old settlers all over the West that has made this country what it is, and today, as we are indebted to the early pioneers of Johnson county for this beautiful city, with all its advantages of schools, uni- versity, churches and all its desirableness as a location for homes, so the nations abroad are forced to feel and acknowledge the influence of this our home nation through the early pioneers, and the cities of this nation and this city shall stand as monuments to the enterprising and untiring energy of staunch old pioneers. _i5_ 1524712 There is one thing that has seemed a little strange to me when I have attended these reunions heretofore. It is this. I have not heard the voice of a single woman of Johnson County from the plat- form at any of its reunions. Why is it? It ought not so to be. The women of those early days had many hardships to contend with, more, perhaps, than the men, generally speaking, and while I admire and esteem the men for the progress they have made and the com- forts with which they have been able to surround their families, much of the success which they achieved is due to the tender sympathies, untiring energies, economy and self-denial of the faithful, uncom- plaining, loving wives of these same pioneers, amd they too, should have a share in the honors and congratulations showered upon the pioneer men. The time has passed when the mothers, wives, sisters and daughters of this fair land of ours, cannot stand side by side and shoulder to shoulder with its husbandry. What would this world amount to without its women? No more than it would without its men. There was a time when it was thought unnecessary to educate a woman in anything but the very common branches of the English language, and they could only do house work and sew a little, as it would unsex them if they were educated the same as their brothers, and surely the worst that could haf^en to a young lady was the fact that she was su-pforting herself as a sales-woman in some store. But it has been demonstrated that as door after door has given entrance to woman she has been able to reach as high an altitude in education as her brother, she has been able to occupy her positions in life with as much dignity, grace and efficiency as her brother, and today woman may hold a position of as great honor and trust as her bro- ther, and the women of this nation are rapidly advancmg in all the walks of life to which entrance has been granted them. The great body of the M. E. Church, the general conference, which met in Chicago in May, after years of disagreement and dis- cussion decided that women of the church were elligible to a seat in its body as delegates. Some one has said that there is always a man for every emergency. Washington commanded the armies of this nation when no other man could have succeeded. There was but one General Lafayette, and there could be but one Abraham Lincoln; he was the one man in all this nation to rally the nation's forces to the success of freeing the colored people from their bond- — i6 — age of slavery. Those years of the civil war were trying times for both the men and the women of our country; fathers against suns^ brothers against brothers, friends against friends, all giving freely their lives for their country's honor. Men offered themselves to their country in behalf of suffering Cuba, now it is the Philippines and China; grand, noble men willing to lay their lives if need be upon their country's altar, and may God bless every one of them and save them to return in safety to their homes. But my brothers, sisters, friends, there is a curse upon this nation today that is more devasta- ting in its influence upon the people, upon the homes and upon the children in the homes than slavery ever was. It causes more heart- aches, poverty, debauchery and wretchedness than all the wars we have had, beginning with the civil war and including the war with Cuba, Philippines and China, for there is a beginning and an end sometime to all wars. But the annual destruction of men and boys by this curse is one hundred thousand yearly. The destruction never ceases but grows continually. Worse is it than slavery, do you ask? Far worse. Slavery could only destroy the body, but this accursed whisky traffic destroys both body and soul. What has all this to do with the Old Settlers Reunion? This, there are those here today that have faced the Red man, undergone all sorts of trials, many were soldiers in the civil war, and some are eager to shoulder guns and brave the dangers of old Ocean to rescue the suffering foreigners, but how many are willing to shoulder his little piece of white paper and go to the ballot box and shoot down the whisky traffic with his vote? I think the time is not far distant when the men of this Nation like "Barrak" of old will see their own feebleness to handle this monster evil alone, and will have to call in the ''Deborah's" by permitting full franchisement to women, who, armed with the ballot, will march in one mighty phalanx to the destruction of the rum power and the safety of home. Fathers, brothers, you still have it in your power to help in this one thing, more for the betterment of your city, your home, and the happiness of womanhood. Do what you have to do, quickly, ' Time is flying-, time is precious And, 'you pass this way but once." There is a vacant place among you today, (perhaps more than one) that of one who came early to Johnson county, among the first of the pioneers, Louis S. Swafford. Whose place will be vacant — 17 — next year? I cannot tell, nor you. We make the journey to the river's brink together, but one crosses alone, the other stays, but, blessed thought, we may all meet again beyond the river. Wishing you a pleasant and enjoyable reunion today, and many happy returns of the day, I am very sincerely yours, Virginia E. Hanby Wright. Albia, Monroe County, Iov^a, December, 1899. G. R. Irish, Secretary Old Settlers Association. Iowa City, Iowa. Dear sir: — In compliance with a half made promise I submit to you the following account of the overland trip made by a party which left Iowa City for the Salmon river gold mines May 22, 1862. But first let me thank you for your kind invitations extended to Mrs. Casaday and myself to attend the Old Settlers picnic also for the report of same kindly sent me from time to time. Although born in New York state in 1827, having landed on Iowa soil (Davenport) Sunday Dec. II, 1853, and in Iowa City on the 13th of the same month, I feel that I can be called an old settler of Johnson county, a fact of which I am proud. If I remember right you wanted to know who com- posed the party and our encounters with the Shoshone Indians. And in regard to the death of Mr. Hunter. In the early Spring of '62, newspapers were filled with glowing reports of miners digging bushels of gold in a day from the Salmon river mines. I later found that the reports were not exaggerated. But the gold was found in pockets and these were soon exhausted. The gold fever raged high in Iowa City and elsewhere, and John C. Culbertson, John C. Henley, John P. Orcutt, John Wilson, Andrew J. Hunter, Edmond Harrison, Charles Harrison, Dr. Henry Murray, Joseph E. Fales, Isaac Ijams, Hiram Watts and Andrew J. Casaday were so affected with the fever that they left or disposed of their business, bade good bye to loved ones and friends and on Thursday, May 22, 1862, started with what was called the Iowa City Horse train, on a long, perilous journey. Could we have looked in the future and known even a part of the trials and hardships and the final end- ing of that much expected of trip, I think it would never have been taken. — i8 — We started with four two-horse teams, two mule teams and! Casaday's riding pony. On the route Mr. Heney bought a black! horse which he named "Spike," so named because when hard puUing j was required he was hitched to the end of the wagon tongue, this ^ forming a spike team. Before starting, the writer, not then a church member, exacted a promise of the company not to travel on Sunday. We lived up to this pledge with one exception, wherein we were justified as we traveled until dark Saturday night, without finding, grass for our stock. We gave them good wheat flour taken for such emergencies, and Sunday morning at day break started to find grass; and bagged our game about lo o'clock and settled in camp for the day. Our travel through Iowa was quite pleasant; we camped one night a few rods from the capitol of Nebraska and our nearest neighbors were composed of some Sioux Indians; the next morning they beggedi us for powder, if I remember right one of our party gave them some. We remained over Sunday at the now city of Omaha. The cooks scoured up the tinware and with everything in order, dishes packed, were ready to start at six a. m. for the still glittering gold. Reached the banks of the Elk Horn river twenty miles from Omaha and camped for the night. Tuesday morning Mr. Culbertson, with whom we all regretted to part, informed us that he had enough of the trip and left us and started on his return to Iowa City. It did not occur to me then, but does now, that I was the first one to twist the Sab- bath. Dr. Murray had cut the fat off some hams in store and was about to leave it for prairie wolves, thinking it would be a good tonic, I, not so liberal hearted, rendered the lard out of it and made a good supply of doughnuts. Each member of our camp gave me thanks for the trespass and sin. Our fuel consisted of rank weeds most of the time. One Saturday night in the Rocky Mountain region we found and prepared abund- ance of wood for over Sunday and were obliged to leave quite a supply Monday morning. None of us at any time used Buffalo chips for fire wood. One day we were where some women were cooking with them, the flavor seemed objectionable, but one can do almost anything when hunger ferociously demands food. Is it not strange what hardships, dangers and exposures man will meet to gain gold when the next minute he knows he may be dead? yet such cases were verified in our trip. On Friday, August 8th, while traveling on what was called Landers cut off, the route passing some 40 miles north of — 19 — Salt Lake City, we came to a point a little east of the American Falls on Snake river where a well traveled trail led to said river. We took the trail to the river, it being called the short line to the gold mines. When we reached the river hundreds were on either bank waiting to cross. Those from the north reported all a fake, no gold to be found, they returning disheartened. Their stories, as dark as those told in the spring were bright. The terms for ferrying across the river were two dollars apiece for the wagons, horses and mules to do their own swimming. The ferrymen were prepared with arguments for both sides of the river in order to obtain the double fee. We held a con- sultation and decided to return to the main trail and aim for the Powder river gold mines in Oregon. Soon after reaching the main trail we camped for the night. We had now been on the road over two and one-half months. Our teams were worn with travel, our bodys and minds tired out, and a gloomy outlook as regards that for which we came. Were we just discouraged, or were our feelings a forerunner of what was to follow? Even Hunter, the most social of men, seemed despondent, and early the next morning, August 9th, I noticed him sitting in the front end of his wagon and for some time he seemed in a deep study. This was unusual for him as he was always the first to make the start. On this long to be remembered day we ate our breakfast, packed up, put our sad forebodings aside for another will-o-wisp gold mine in Oregon. The trail that day ran through sage brush three and one-half to four feet high. The track was a little wider than the wagon with occasionally some open spots. Near eleven o'clock Mr. Hunter and myself were walking a short distance in advance of his team when some one called out the "Indians are after us." Two Italians had joined us a day or two before and were in their wagon in the rear of the train quite a space back. The Indians had surrounded their wagon before any of us could reach them. One of the men was killed, one of their mules shot dead and the wagon tipped over. Wilson and myself were on the north side and the Indians making for our train on the south of the wagons We, Wilson and myself, started for the reUef of the Italians. We were ordered back to our train as the Indians were after our provisions, Wilson was ahead of me going back, he called out "my mule is dead and Andy (meaning Hunter) is down." I asked where is Andy? He pointed to the sage brush. Hunter called to me and just as I got to his side two Indians came from the east on ponies toward us, I dropped — 20 — on one knee, pointed my gun towards the Indians, they immediately rode away. I did not then shoot preferring to save my ammunition for closer contact. I then got near enough to Hunter for him to turn his eyes so he could see me and he said, Casaday take care of my things, send them to my folks and tell them I was killed by an Indian. Dur- ing this interval each man was doing what he thought would save him and his. At this time Hunter's body was between me and his wagon, I being east of him and the wagon west of him and the other boys still west of the wagon in consultation. They called me to come and go with them on higher ground, as where we were the ground was such that the Indians could easily surround us which they were trying to do. They started for the hill or mountain side, I called to them two or three times to take Andy's body, but they said we must take care of ourselves now, but will come back for him. When the alarm was first given Hunter unhitched his mules as one of them was fractious. When the boys drove away the mules and Henley's horse followed and went beyond the corrall some eight or ten rods. I followed quite a distance behind leading my pony, she did not seem willing to be led so I let her loose as I thought myself a good target for the natives, she trotted to the other horses. On coming up to the boys, they said, Casaday you watch that place and keep the Indians from coming between the mules. Spike and us having bt:en brought up to obey and knowing some one ought to be there, I took the position. It was not very long until an Indian came near enough to try me for a mark. I cannot say one Indian did all the firing at me, but the sole of my boot was cut, balls passed both sides of my neck, one ball cut four holes in the sleeve of my undershirt. Each ball seemed to come nearer, then one hit me in the right hip, I fell, having reserved as a reward for my love of wealth, a metal heavier than gold but not near so valuable, and this ball of whatever metal may be is still with me. Several experts have failed to locate the foreign sub- stance. For 28 years the wound at intervals of about six weeks would gather and discharge. December 27, 1892, a good surgeon sent to Chicago and obtained an instrument for the purpose of removing 1 accumalution, and took two quarts of fluid away. The same surgeon operated again on Febuary 12, 1893, since then I have not suffered as much as before, (This before X rays.) There has not 24 hours passed since our first Indian encounter that I have not had reason to; remember the 9th of August 1862, and the gun shot wound from the , hand of a Shoshone Indian. But he did not get the mule. After a while I got to my wagon and got ammunition for the use of the boys* The Indians at some distance we thought to find Hunter, I could not go to him, and one of the boys said "why Andy is all right, see him." I raised up to see and sure enough he had made his way to his wagon ^ and was getting into it a short time after some of the men went to him but he was dead, his juglar vein had been cut by a bullet. He died alone away from his dear ones. The earth was robbed of one of its noblest sons, a pure man, honest and upright; would we had more like him. About i p. m. Charlie Harrison started on my pony to ride through the sage brush to where we had left his brother and another man fishing in the Snake river, for reinforcements, we knowing there were trains back of us. The Indians were about to cut off his retreat, he was called back; waited awhile then took the trail back two miles to where the great ox train had been robbed of all their provisions, even the covers were taken from their wagons. One young lady shot and two men killed, one of them a Mr. Bul- winkle, a rich bachelor from from New York City who was making the overland trip with a fine outfit and four horses, for pleasure. The Indians robbed him of his money. We afterwards saw persons with twenty dollar gold peices they obtained from the Indians for which they had exchanged silver. At four p. m., our camp moved 30 to 40 rods north and west to an open grass spot. The stock were corralled, and at sundown the members of the robbed trains came and the Harrison boys with them. I was laid on the grass between two dead men, Mr. Hunter and the Italian, the strangers would say "poor man will he die, has he a family to hear his sad fate." At day break a large horse train having heard of our fight came to our relief. We were known the rest of the trip as the Iowa City fighters. There were about 1000 persons in camp on Sunday, August 10, 1862. Mr. Hunter and the Italian were buried by them and they placed a mark at Hunter's grave. Sunday morn- ing Mr. Kennedy, captain of the ox train, called for volunteers to make an effort to recover the provisions and stock taken by the Indians. A number volunteered but the attempt was a failure, four of the vol unteers were shot dead, two of their number were left on the ground and two brought to camp, one scalped and he a brother of the young lady who had been shot the day before, she died that night without being informed of her brother's fate. On Monday morning we moved — 22 — on a few miles to the mouth of Raft river where the rest of the dead were buried. We divided our provisions with those who had been robbed. This being the junction of two trails some took the Cali- fornia trail, we with others took the Oregon trail. The Indians were following our wake day and night. About ten days after leaving Raft river John C. Henley and another man on gaurd saw two Indians creeping along close to our camp when one of them shot an arrow which would make no noise, the arrow hit Mr. Henley's arm above the elbow, followed the bone to near the shoulder and for several days the question was which will die Casaday or Henley. In a few days Henley began to recover rapidly, it was thought the arrow had been^ poisened. About October ist we reached the Powder river and' settled Mr. Hunter's affairs as best we could and sent the proceeds to his father. I have said but little of the scenery and the beauties of nature. My pen cannot portray nor have I words in which to tell of them. The many mlies of undulating prairie, the quiet peaceful streams give place to the unwatered American desert. Again the foot hills with the high peaks of mountains in the distance. Another change, the mountains themselves with different altitudes passing from a warm sunshining clime into perpetual snow. From dark high canyons with their rapid running streams through mountain passes whose tops pierce the sky and yet again return to the delightful summer valley of sunshine and flowers. One never having seen such cannot imagine its grandeur and the feeling of awe it brings to one when he considers the hand which ordered, planned and created all. In speaking of our company, if you want to know a man, take such a trip with him, his good and bad qualities show to their fullest extent. Long before the journey is ended one or the other will pre- dominate. It is not for me to censure anyone, but let me say that God never made better, truer men, than some in that little party of twelve. Most of them have already passed into that great beyond from which they can never return. Time came when we must separ- ate, two of the boys went with me to the Dalls, the last portage on the Columbia river, it being just east of the Cascade mountains. The portage was made on a slow moving train along the banks of the river, there being only room enough to pass where the mountain walls were nearly perpendicular and hundred of feet high. On reach- ing Portland, Oregon, I went to the Williametts Valley, taught school — 23 — about five months, then took steamer to Astoria, thence to Victoria, Vancouvers island, then to San Francisco, from there Via San Del Sur across the isthmus of Tehauntepecte to San Juan Del Norte or Grey town. This being in Captain Sem's Alabama privateer times. We took to the west of Cuba through the gulf of Mexico up the Atlantic coast to New York City from there through Canada to the lakes and back to Iowa City, about the middle of June 1863, poorer in purse and in flesh but rich in knowledge of newspaper gold mines. I am now what life insurance men call 73 years, in better health than 25 years ago. Respectfully submitted January 31, 1900. A. J. Casaday. After the reading of the letters the day was devoted to social chat and pleasant reminisence of olden times. The list of attendance is imperfect, about six hundred sat down to dinner and later in the day the numbers were much larger. As the shadows of evening began to fall old friends bid good-bye and thus closed one of the many social meetings of the members of the association. Notes of the Day. Mrs. Abbie Taylor, one of the people present, perhaps has lived on the same farm for a longer period than any one woman in Johnson county. She came here with her father, Alex Waldron, in 1848, and has lived on the same farm ever since. Capt. Benj. Owen exhibited a home made hickory broom of the days gone by and the same was used to sweep out the cabins. Mrs. M. Burge brought to the picnic a basket of apples which were raised on a tree planted in 1852, and she states that a crop has been gathered from the same tree for the period of 42 years. Her father drove overland from Burlington and purchased the trees in 1852, and at that time planted an orchard of five acres. But few of the trees are now living. Mrs. Zeff Cray of Shenandoah, Iowa, came to the city in order to meet many of her old friends. Wm. Kelso of River Junction, bears the distinction of being the first white child born in Johnson county who is now living. He is an fold settler, having first seen the light of day in this county in 1839. — 24 — M. T. Trotter of Greenfield, Iowa, was one of the visitors at the picnic. He was a former old settler here. Many old time families gathered about the tables at the noon hour. The largest number of any one family present were the relatives of Henry, James and Joseph Walker, who numbered twenty- two, and they had chicken and pies and other good things enough to feed a hundred. That's the reason the reporters were so well fed. In all the picnic was a grand success and everyone present enjoyed the occasion to its fullest extent. John Sueppel's coffee brewed by Frank Luse gave a zest to the appetite, and pure water dispensed by Geo. Frizzell made the day enjoyable notwithstanding the extreme heat. Monday, August 20, 1900. MAN WHO FIRST BROUGHT A LOCOMOTIVE TO IOWA CITY PASSES AW^AY IN NEW YORK. Charles Stickles, the oldest active railroad engineer in the United States, died at his home in Oneonta, New York, on Saturday last. A dispatch from his home says that he was born at Hudson, N. Y., Nov. 26, 1822, and studied medicine, but gave up this profession to devote his energies to steam, mastering every detail of the steam engine. His first trip on a locomotive as an engineer was on the Hudson and Berkshire, July 9, 1848. Soon after he was employed on the new railroad now the C. R. I. & P., which was pushing westward across the new state of Iowa. In order to hold its charter and also to receive a handsome bonus offered by the city of Iowa City, the road was obliged to be completed and the first train reach the city by January i, 1856. The road was only half completed at the time, but ties were hurriedly placed on top of the ground, on which rails were loosely spiked. Over these Stickles run his train, arriving on time, but step- ping from his engine in a fainting condition. He was carried from the depot on the shoulders of the crowd, for the road's charter had been saved, and the run has become historic. The day when Stickles and his train reached Iowa City was one — 25 — of great rejoicing and many of the old settlers who will meet at the Pair Grounds will remember the warm welcome given the train and crew. The feat which at the time was a great event, made Iowa City the western terminus of the first great railroad to push westward and for a time Iowa City was the metropolis of the great west. Many of our old settlers will remember the engineer who passed 'away in his eastern home and the story of his first run into Iowa City will go down in history as one of the great achievements of the early pioneer. William Ackerman, who resides in the eastern part of Oxford township has been engaged the past ten days in tearing down two rooms connected with his dwelling, an old time log house, which our fellow citizen W. E. Marvin says his mother built when he was 7 years old, making it about 55 years ago. These old landmarks are of interest to the old settlers, as they are one by one fast disappear- ing, to make room for the more modern buildings. Well can these old settlers remember when returning home at night watching for the twinkle of the light through the small window, which might have been a "greased rag" or the luxuriant "tallow candle" which shone forth always ready to welcome a stranger, and share with them all they had, which might be "crushed corn bread" or if so fortunate as to have flour in the house, then it would be hot biscuits, baked on the old familiar fire-place. And then would come the tobacco and pipes, and the conversation would drift back to Ohio (as nearly all our old settlers were from that state). At bed-time you could easily tell where your bed room was, by simply locating the ladder. But what a change! — part of this old homestead, a room 12x14, was built by Squire Reynolds, now of Windham, and in this room Father Emmons used to hold Mass for a few of his scattered flock in those days, who afterward worshipped in his grand church at Iowa City. If anyone in those days would have ventured to picture a town only 4 miles west of this old building with a railroad, telegraph, telephone, and other modern improvements, he would have been considered wild in his predictions. The foregoing items are taken from the Press and Oxford Journal and are inserted to preserve the passage of events; and for the infor- mation of all that portion of the constitution regarding the require- ments for membership in the association are published here : — 26 — Requirements For Membership. All persons who are non-residents of Johnson county, who were residents of Iowa at the time of the adoption of the first State Con- stitution for the State of Iowa are eligible to membership. All per- sons hereafter that have resided twenty years in Iowa and are res- idents of Johnson County, may become members by applying to the executive committee. Every member shall sign the constitution and pay to the Treasurer fifty cents and thereafter twenty-five cents annually. The Old Settlers Association of Johnson county was organized February 22, 1866. President — David Switzer. I St Vice President — F. M. Irish. 2nd Vice President — Robert Walker. Treasurer — Peter Roberts. Secretary — Silas Foster. Samuel H. McCrory ) T. S. Parvin I Committee to Draft Constitution. E. W. Lucas ^ ) It is the purpose of the executive committee to arrange the pro- ceedings of the association prior to 1898 and procure their publication uniform with those since that date. All members will take notice and lend a hand in aid of this arrangement and by so doing help to preserve in permanent form the interesting records of what will soon be the dim past. A FEW THINGS REQUIRED Many years ago the old men of the association gathered the mater- ial and erected a pair of cabins as reminders of the past. They were an ornament to the landscape and a credit to the men who built them. Time has removed very many of the men who, bent with age, but with stout hearts and willing hands, built these monuments of the good old days of pioneer times. Time has also made its mark upon the work of those old men and it is imperatively demanded that the cabins be put in repair and the grove about them be replenished. Talk and promised effort will not do the work. Action, prompt, good natured effort by each and all of us is what is required. No great draft upon the pocket is needed. The annual dues from each and all will be ample. G. R. Irish.